Coloring is another important school related fine motor skill for children to learn.  While some students may be very motivated to color independently, other students may need more support to engage successfully.  There are some simple ways you can support your students as they learn to color.  Here are my top 5 tips!

1. Check Form

Posture and positioning can be very important for many fine motor skills.  When coloring, it is important to look at the student’s wrist and forearm.  You want to see the forearm resting on the table, and the back and forth coloring movement should be coming from the wrist.  You should observe the wrist bending back and forth, and not the child moving his whole arm to color.  If the child’s forearm is not on the table, and he is also using his whole arm to color – you can try using a vertical surface like a wall or a slant board when working on fine motor activities.  You may also want to reach out to your OT for more suggestions.

2. Modeling

Don’t underestimate the power of modeling the back and forth movements of coloring.  I like to sit next to my students and color along with them.  This seems to help those students especially who may need more pracitce with the back and forth nature of coloring and also the overall goal of filling in the space with color.  

3. Start with Simple, Small Shapes

I like to set my students up for success especially as they learn a new or challenging skill.  Instead of jumping right to more complex pictures, I like to start by having the student color simple, small shapes.  It is more clear exactly what needs to be colored, and the small shape increases the likelihood that the child will fill it with color successfully.  You can continue to build on this success going forward!

4. Defined Borders

One of the trickier parts of coloring, besides learning to fill the space with color, is attempting to stay inside the lines.  I like to use a marker to make the border of pictures very bold.  Additionally, you can use a wikki stick or hot glue to make a raised border which gives some good tactile feedback.  

5. Change It Up

It can be important to keep coloring activities novel and exciting!  You don’t just have to practice coloring skills while sitting at a desk, using crayons and paper.  I love to switch up the location and position of activities.  One of my favorite coloring activities is under the table coloring!  Tape a piece of paper under the table and have the student lay on her back to color.  You can also use different materials to work on skills like staying in the lines and filling the whole shape, such as fingerpaints, shaving cream or chalk.

What are some of your favorite ways to work on coloring skills?

This blog is for informational purposes only.  The information provided is general in nature.  Please reach out to your OT for specific recommendations.  

Katie McKenna, MS, OTR/L
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