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Explain the Intervention {Behavior Contingency Maps}

Jul 24

Explain the Intervention {Behavior Contingency Maps}

Some of these behavior interventions are confusing for us to understand so how the heck are our kids going to understand these contingencies? Visuals to the rescue! Behavioral Contingency Maps are a MUST-HAVE resources that will clearly & concretely explain any behavioral intervention to your kids. After a bunch of weeks of behavior intervention – posts...

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How Teachers Cause Problem Behaviors

Jul 23

How Teachers Cause Problem Behaviors

Caught your attention with that title didn’t I? The terror! The horror! A well-intentioned, seasoned teacher unknowingly causing and increasing problem behaviors. Could you be one of them? I’ve been one. Don’t be embarrassed. Hi, my name is Sasha and I’m a Problem Behavior Causer. Luckily I’m working my steps and on my way to recovery....

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Tokens as Reinforcers {for Multiply Controlled Behaviors}

Jul 22

Tokens as Reinforcers {for Multiply Controlled Behaviors}

When I hear multiply controlled behaviors, I immediately think – token economy. There are a ton of reasons why I love token economies but their ability to account for multiple functions is #1 on my list. A well-run and well-setup token economy is a tiny gift from above. You can use tokens as reinforcers is KEY and alter the reinforcement. Tokens can be...

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Multiply Controlled Behaviors

Jul 21

Multiply Controlled Behaviors

Life couldn’t be too easy. If everything fell neatly and nicely into one perfectly sized box, we wouldn’t be special ed teachers. Our kiddos are tricky little guys. And sometimes they are really tricky. Their behaviors couldn’t be solely attention or escape – no, no, no. Our kiddos have to keep us on our toes and make sure we are working for...

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Sensory Behaviors {Response Blocking}

Jul 18

Sensory Behaviors {Response Blocking}

Some sensory behaviors can be extremely dangerous. Anything that involves the head can cause serious brain damage and needs to be addressed immediately. These behaviors are of highest priority. If your student or child is seeing a psychiatrist for medication, ask the parents for consent to communicate with the doctor so you can share the data you take regarding the...

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Sensory Behaviors {Reinforce Intervals without Behavior}

Jul 17

Sensory Behaviors {Reinforce Intervals without Behavior}

An intervention to reduce both disruptive and dangerous sensory behaviors is providing high magnitude reinforcement for time intervals WITHOUT the behavior. This intervention can be done with any type of behavior really – attention, escape, etc. The key is to provide some really stellar reinforcement. You asking the child to reduce a behavior that they probably...

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Sensory Behaviors {Sensory as Reinforcer}

Jul 16

Sensory Behaviors {Sensory as Reinforcer}

Some sensory behaviors can actually work to your benefit. Hold the phone. Craytown I know. But let me clarify. These behaviors are obviously extremely reinforcing for your student because they do it all the freaken time. If the behavior is not dangerous, so for disruptive sensory behaviors – let your student work for engaging in the behavior. This will start...

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Sensory Behaviors {Alternative Response}

Jul 15

Sensory Behaviors {Alternative Response}

The main way to target sensory behaviors is to see if you can think of an alternative response that is more appropriate. Some type of response that in some way meets those same sensory needs. Once you identify an alternative response, you need to teach and shape that responses just like with attention and escape behaviors. Provide the student regular and consistent...

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Reducing Sensory Behaviors

Jul 14

Reducing Sensory Behaviors

If you work with children with autism, you know what I’m talking about when I mention sensory behaviors. It’s part of the diagnostic criteria of autism – stereotyped and repetitive behaviors. This can look different in every child – stimming, flapping, swaying, clapping, lining up items, scripting… the list can go on and on. These...

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Escape Behaviors {Response Blocking & Other Tips}

Jul 11

Escape Behaviors {Response Blocking & Other Tips}

Let’s wrap up escape behaviors with the most basic of interventions but not always the easiest to implement. Response block removes access to the reinforcer and the reinforcer here being escape. It prohibits the student from escaping the task or activity. Just like planned ignoring removes access to the reinforcer for attention behaviors, response blocking is...

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Escape Behaviors {Overcorrection}

Jul 10

Escape Behaviors {Overcorrection}

Overcorrection is a hugely powerful intervention because it adds on a little extra aversiveness. As a consequence for problem behavior – the student will need to complete an effortful behavior to fix the damage caused by the inappropriate behavior. Overcorrection can also involve extra work. This can be very punishing. Punishment will reduce the future chance...

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Escape Behaviors {Task Adjustment}

Jul 09

Escape Behaviors {Task Adjustment}

You want to know what’s awesome about being a behavioral guru? Sometimes you can prevent problem behaviors before they even occur. Kinda makes you feel you like you are playing some high-powered mind games and all uber powerful but it’s just a little Applied Behavior Analysis at work. Escape behaviors are used to get out of something. There are some...

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Escape Behaviors {Access to Breaks}

Jul 08

Escape Behaviors {Access to Breaks}

Did you ever take a really hard work out class? Sweat is dripping out of parts of your body that you weren’t even aware can sweat. You are one hot pink dumbbell away from just sprinting out of the work out room straight to your comfy couch and maybe a cheeseburger. And then the instructor says those magical few words, “Just two more reps until a...

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Escape Behaviors {Replacement Behaviors}

Jul 07

Escape Behaviors {Replacement Behaviors}

Although I sometimes truly wish my school day could be filled with angry birds and dorito breaks – and that’s sadly what a good percentage of people think my days is filled with (sigh…) – we come to school to work. No fancy way of saying it and no if, ands, or buts. School equals work. And that’s nails on a chalkboard for many of our...

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Attention Behaviors {Other Strategies & Common Mistakes}

Jul 04

Attention Behaviors {Other Strategies & Common Mistakes}

Attention behaviors tend to be the most annoying, for me anyways. Whining, fighting, talking back, swearing, and yelling out can all be attention seeking behaviors. This past week we have gone in-depth on some key strategies for reducing attention maintained problem behaviors. First thing you need to do before trying any of these nifty interventions is teach the...

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Attention Behaviors {Time Out}

Jul 03

Attention Behaviors {Time Out}

I want you to put all of your preconceived, old-school perceptions of time out to the side for a few minutes. When I say time out – I don’t mean toddler style, minute for their age, sitting in the corner with a dunce cap on. I mean a “time out” from reinforcement aka attention. Time out can be extremely effective for attention behaviors. The...

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Attention Behaviors {Noncontingent Attention}

Jul 02

Attention Behaviors {Noncontingent Attention}

This may be an intervention you aren’t too familiar with but you might want to get on board. For behaviors that function to get attention – a successful intervention can be to provide non contingent attention. Noncontingent means not dependent on anything. So this strategy involves providing attention on a regular schedule whether or not they are engaging...

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Attention Behaviors {Planned Ignoring}

Jul 01

Attention Behaviors {Planned Ignoring}

Yesterday we discussed (at length!) the dire need for teaching a replacement behavior. The reduction interventions will NOT work (or not work so well or quickly) without that vital first step. While you are working on teaching or shaping up an appropriate behavior – you can also implement interventions to reduce the problem behavior. One great intervention to...

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Attention Behaviors {Replacement Response}

Jun 30

Attention Behaviors {Replacement Response}

I am going to sound like a broken record of madness and feel free to get a frequency count going of how many times I bring this up but they absolute first thing you must do when reducing a behavior is teach and reinforce a replacement behavior. Nonnegotiable. Must-have. Won’t win without. Let’s think about this theoretically for a moment. If are taking...

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Analyze Data & Determine Function

Jun 26

Analyze Data & Determine Function

The purpose of baseline data is to determine function as well as get a frequency of occurrences. You want to know why the behavior is occurring and who often it is occurring before you intervene. We want to know how often this behavior is occurring BEFORE we intervene. So we will know if intervention is successful. We want a number; number of times per day on...

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